What does research funding agency require?

Research funding agencies are increasingly requiring their funding recipients toIllustration by Emmi Kyytsönen / Karppi Design publish their scientific publications as open access publications .

Examples of international funding agencies

 EU funding instrument Horizon2020  has Guidelines on Open Access, http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-pilot-guide_en.pdf   and it is required that open access to the scientific publication is ensured within at most 6 months (12 months for publications in the social sciences and humanities) after the original date of publication. Each beneficiary must ensure open access (free of charge, online access for any user) to all peer-reviewed scientific publications relating to its results according to H2020 General Model Grant Agreement, article 29.2, http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/mga/gga/h2020-mga-gga-multi_en.pdf.

Horizon2020 open access requirements are not an obligation to publish results and do not interfere with the decision to exploit research results commercially, e.g. through patenting. The decision on whether to publish open access must come after the more general decision on whether to publish directly or to first seek protection.

The costs of open access publishing are eligible costs in the EU projects, which means they can be included as project costs. EU recommends this practice also for national funding agencies. Horizon2020 (like most other funding instruments) accept the peer-reviewed manuscript, (also called the post-print) for self-archiving.

Bear in mind, thet after the project ends funds are no longer available for Article Processing Charges and there has to be some other source of funding.  A  pilot has been launched to fund OA publications for finalized FP7 projects through the OpenAIRE project. The FP7 post-grant pilot is being developed in the context of the OpenAIRE2020 project, and is aligned with the Open Access infrastructure and support network provided by OpenAIRE.  https://www.openaire.eu/postgrantoapilot


CERN requires that the projects funded by it publish their results as open access and recommends that the field of physics use SCOAP3, http://scoap3.org/ , publications, which allow open access free of charge.

Research Councils UK requires open access publishing of  peer‐reviewed research articles which acknowledge Research Council funding which are published in journals or conference proceedings. These are required to be  made available as open access usually within 6 months of the publication of the original article, and in the case of papers in the arts, humanities and social sciences, within 12 months.

National Institutes of Health (NIH) requires that the research funded by it be made publicly available in the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central no later than 12 months after the official date of publication of the article.

Wellcome Trust requires electronic copies of any research papers that have been accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal and are supported in whole or in part by Wellcome Trust funding, to be made available through PubMed Central (PMC) and Europe PMC (Europe PMC) within six months of the journal publisher's official date of final publication. Similarly, monographs and book chapters must be made available through PMC Bookshelf and Europe PMC with a maximum embargo of six months. The Wellcome Trust provides grantholders with additional funding to cover open access charges.

The open access requirements set by research funding agencies are constantly becoming more clear and specific. Many funding agencies require open access publishing under a certain open licence such as Creative Commons 4.0 suite.

For details on the open access policies of different research funding agencies, see the Sherpa/JULIET service.

Examples of Finnish funding agencies

Illustration by Emmi Kyytsönen / Karppi Design

The Academy of Finland requires  that Academy-funded projects commit to open access publishing. Academy urges projects to make their research data and methods freely available. The goal is to make research publications, data and material, metadata and methods widely available for further use. If researchers follow the principles of open science, they must do so with due consideration of research ethics and the judicial environment.

.Green Open Access means that researchers publish their articles in traditional subscription-based scientific journals and deposit parallel copies in online open access repositories. The Academy does allow for an embargo period following the practices of international funders. The Academy also supports Gold Open Access. This means that a publication is immediately provided in open access mode by the scientific publisher. In this case, the publisher may charge an open access fee (article processing charge). This fee may be included in the research costs of the project. A parallel copy of the article should also be deposited in an open access repository. The Academy of Finland does not, however, recommend publishing in ‘hybrid journals’, where the publisher  may charge both an open access fee and a subscription fee.

Tekes - the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation is committed to the objectives and approaches of open access science and research. Tekes aims to make publications and the non-confidential information resulting from public research readily available for further use. Tekes recommends open access publishing in public research projects by Tekes. Tekes recommends to  consult your own organisation's guidelines on open access publishing.

Page content by: maria.rehbinder [at] aalto [dot] fi (Maria Rehbinder) | Last updated: 06.04.2016.